Long-term Global Goal (LTGG)

In Cancun (COP.16), Parties to the UNFCCC agreed on the long-term global goal(LTGG) to reduce GHG emissions to the levels enabling the stabilisation of the global average temperature at the level below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels by limiting concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere to around 450 parts per million of CO2. The limit was based on recommendations of the 4th IPCC Report (AR4). Parties agreed on the review of the LTGG, with a view to take into account the latest scientific findings, and to assess progress made on the way to achieve the LTGG, in the period from 2013 to 2015 (see: 2013-2015 Review) The review will take into account, among others, the recommendations of the forthcoming 5th IPCC Report (AR5). Currently, Parties to the UNFCCC are divided into two main groups: Parties listed in Annex I to the Convention (Annex I Parties) and Parties not listed in Annex I (Non-Annex I Parties). Only Annex I Parties are obliged to undertake mitigation actions. Some of these Parties undertook to reduce emissions under commitments inscribed in Annex B to the Kyoto Protocol.